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Material of woven wire cloth

Wire Cloth is a grid of individual metal wires woven over over and under other wires positioned at 90 degree angles to each other. Wire cloth products include a broad range of design specifications with apertures (openings) ranging from less than one micron with wire diameters less than 0.001" up to 7" with wire diameters larger than 1". Other variables include a variety of weave styles and types of wire materials.

Woven Wire Cloth Weaving Materials

Industrial requirements to meet specific applications has resulted in the development of a broad spectrum of wire cloth materials. Each type of wire cloth raw material has its own distinct properties that effect its performance in the particular application. 
 Selection of the weaving material is dependent on the intended usage and consideration of various factors including: 
 (A) The final application of the wire cloth pertaining to requirements of strength, abrasion resistance, chemical resistance, corrosion resistance, heat resistance or the suitability for use in food production etc.
 (B) Secondary wire cloth processing such as suitability for forming, welding, heat treating, or the application of coatings. 
The most commonly utilized materials in wire cloth weaving are listed here for reference purposes. 

Carbon Steel Wire Weaving Materials

 Low Carbon 
 Low Carbon steel (C1008) is frequently used in the manufacture of industrial wire cloth (wire mesh) screens due to its tensile strength and impact resistance. Low resistance to abrasion, chemical attack and corrosion may limit its usage although several types of special coatings such as galvanizing (before or after weaving) can be applied to increase its suitability in a given application. 
 High Carbon
 High Carbon hard drawn steel is used when resistance to abrasion and impact is required. This material is commonly utilized in agriculture, coal, gravel, mining, sand and stone separating, sizing and sorting applications. 
 Oil Tempered
 Oil Tempered wire is specially tempered high carbon steel wire to provide greater strength and abrasion resistance, although its resistance to impact is somewhat lower than regular high carbon steel.

Stainless Steel Wire Cloth Weaving Materials

 With the addition of 11% or more chromium to steel, the alloy becomes non-staining under most conditions that corrode plain steel, thus the term stainless is applied.
 Non-Magnetic Alloys
 Alloys containing chromium and nickel are not magnetic in the annealed condition although they become slightly magnetic when cold worked. 
 Type 304
 Often referred to as "18-8" (18% chromium, 8% nickel) T-304 is the basic stainless alloy most commonly utilized for wire cloth weaving. It withstands outdoor exposure without rusting and resists oxidation at an elevated temperature up to 1400 Degrees Fahrenheit.
 Typical applications include use with chemicals, food products, pharmaceuticals and exposure to moisture.
 Type 304 L
 Type 304 L is very similar to T-304, the difference being the reduced carbon content for better weaving and secondary welding characteristics.

Type 316
 Stabilized by the addition of 2% molydbenum, T-316 is an "18-8" alloy.
 Type 316 has better resistance to pitting corrosion than the other chromium-nickel stainless steels where brines, sulphur-bearing water or halogen salts, such as chlorides are present. A valuable property of T-316 is high creep strength at elevated temperatures. Other mechanical properties and fabricating characteristics are similar to T-304.
 Wire cloth woven of T-316 has extensive use in chemical processing when better corrosion resistance is required than the regular chromium-nickel types. 
 Type 316 L
 Type 316 L is very similar to T-316, the difference being the reduced carbon content for better weaving and secondary welding characteristics.

 Aluminum and Aluminum Alloy Wire Weaving Materials

A unique combination of properties makes aluminum one of our most versatile weaving materials. It is light in mass, yet some of its alloys have strengths greater than that of structural steel. It has high resistance to corrosion under the majority of service conditions and no colored salts are formed to stain adjacent surfaces or discolor products with which it comes into contact.
 A word of caution should be mentioned in connection with the corrosion resistant characteristics of aluminum. Direct contacts should be avoided in the presence of an electrolyte; otherwise galvanic corrosion of the aluminum may take place in the vicinity of the contact area. Where other metals must be fastened to aluminum the use of a bituminous paint coating or insulating tape is recommended.
 Pure Aluminum in the woven form is typically used where its light weight and corrosion resistance is more important than strength.
 Containing magnesium, manganese and chromium, this non-heat treatable alloy is used most often for weaving wire cloth. 5056 contains 5% magnesium providing good corrosion resistance (particularly in marine atmospheres) and greater strength.


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